It also explains why the class of rationally permissible action is wide enough to contain not only all morally required action, but also much selfish and immoral action.
The book will appeal to a range of readers interested in practical reason in particular, and moral theory more generally. It is crisply written, laced with wit, and carefully argued I recommend Brute Rationality to anyone who is interested in issues of practical rationality and how they bear upon moral theory. It is elegant and engaging, and it aims to deliver s traightfoward solutions to problems not addressed by other theories of practical rationality.
The theory of normative reasons developed in Brute Rationality is both detailed and novel.
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Link Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed. Description Table of Contents Product Details Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! Industry Reviews "It is a great contribution to contemporary philosophical debate and is likely to make an impact. Preface and acknowledgements What would an adequate theory of rationality be like? Practical rationality, morality and purely justificatory reasons The criticism from internalism about practical reasons A functional role analysis of reasons Accounting for our actual normative judgements Fitting the view into the contemporary debate Two concepts of rationality Internalism and different kinds of reasons Brute rationality References Index Table of Contents provided by Publisher.
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Constructivism: An Introduction
In Stock. Human beings are animals. They are a biological species that has evolved through a process of natural selection. In this respect, the human species is no different from non-human living beings, or at least from other animal species.
ISBN 13: 9780521833189
Since Darwin and Wallace , this view has gradually come to serve as a paradigm for our general understanding of ourselves, human beings. In the course of intellectual history, however, far more prevalent was the view that rational and thinking beings are outside the natural order. One of the biggest problems arising out of these opposing ideas is this: how to reconcile the causal character of human nature that operates in a mechanistic, physical world with human rational powers that are exercised as distinctively normative phenomena.
As Meredith Williams puts it, "[t]he problem of how we can be both animals living in a causal world and agents acting through norms, principles, and rules in that same world persists. The predominant Darwinism in the intellectual scene has encouraged the belief that the split should be dissolved by reducing our rationality such as the intentional and the normative to our animality, i.
Hence, in innumerable empirical investigations, human rationality is explained exclusively in scientific terms.
There is some force in scientific inquiries into the nature of human beings, even if their "data-based" conclusion is that there is no such thing as human nature. Yet it would be a short step from the fact that Darwinian evolutionary naturalism is embraced widely enough to the conclusion that a thorough scientific and naturalist excavation will exhaustively reveal the significant dimensions of human beings as rational animals.
For, what is distinctive about the natural of human beings is deeply imbued with the cultural. To make proper sense of this is an essential prerequisite of promising studies of the nature of human beings, natural or social scientific. Studies that lacks a sensitivity to the intrinsic embeddedness of the cultural and the natural in human beings imposes limits, from the outset, on what the studies can reveal.