The primary goal of laser surgery is to prevent further vision loss and not to restore vision that has already been lost, which is why finding diabetic retinopathy early is the best way to prevent vision loss. Laser treatment generally is not painful but may cause some temporary discomfort.
After treatment, some people may experience a slight decrease in vision or it may become more difficult to adjust to darkness, a side effect that diabetes itself may cause.
Diabetic Retinopathy | Vision Australia. Blindness and low vision services
But the overall benefits of the laser treatment far outweigh these relatively minor drawbacks. Serious cases of eye damage in people with diabetes can be treated.
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If a hemorrhage does occur and vision is lost, or if the scar tissue threatens to detach the retina from the back of the eye, vitrectomy surgery can successfully restore vision. A vitrectomy is performed under either local or general anesthesia. The doctor makes a tiny incision in the eye. Next, a small instrument is used to remove the vitreous gel that is clouded with blood. The vitreous gel is replaced with a salt solution. Because the vitreous gel is mostly water, you will notice no change between the salt solution and the original vitreous gel.
You will probably be able to return home after the vitrectomy and you will need to wear an eye patch for a few days to protect your eye. You also will need to use medicated eye drops to protect against infection.
At a glance: Diabetic Retinopathy
Thanks to this procedure, many people who once were blind can now see. Finding and treating the eye disease early, before it causes vision loss or blindness, is the best way to control eye disease in people with diabetes. So if you have diabetes, make sure you receive a comprehensive dilated eye examination at least once a year.
Also, keep good control of your glucose levels and other health problems such as high blood pressure, kidney disease, and elevated cholesterol. The Beetham is dedicated to providing total eye care services that prevent, diagnose, and treat eye problems related to diabetes. The laser is directed more generally at the retina, away from the macula and helps to preserve central vision. Laser treatment can help stop your vision deteriorating, but often cannot improve vision or restore vision that is already lost.
A type of surgery called vitrectomy is sometimes needed for advanced retinopathy where there has been bleeding into the vitreous humour of the eye. It involves removing the blood. In some cases, scar tissue that may be pulling on your retina is removed.
This surgery can be done under local anaesthetic with sedation or general anaesthetic. If you have diabetes, the best thing you can do to help prevent the development of retinopathy is to have consistently good control of your blood sugar levels. Your doctor can advise you on the best way to do this. Your doctor will also recommend that you have regular eye health checks, so that if retinopathy does start to develop it will be detected early and can be treated sooner.
Early treatment can help protect your vision. If you have a visual impairment, your optometrist or doctor can suggest visual aids and other supports to help you with daily living. Talking to people in a support group can also help, whether you have problems with your eyesight or have diabetes and are worried about the prospect of losing your vision.
Having diabetes can sometimes feel like a daily struggle to keep on top of your health needs, but you are not alone — diabetes affects many Australians, and there is lots of support available. Ask your doctor, diabetes educator or search the internet to find out about local support services. Talking to both health professionals and fellow patients can help you understand more about your condition and the best ways to live with it. Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin, resulting in high blood glucose sugar levels.
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It's usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance and often goes hand in hand with obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Keeping track of your blood glucose level is an important part of managing diabetes. See how to check blood glucose and blood glucose targets. Floaters are tiny clumps of debris suspended in the eyeball. They cause visual disturbances, such as specks or tiny threads that float across your vision.
Symptoms Of Diabetic Retinopathy And Other Diabetes-Related Eye Problems
Glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye diseases in which the optic nerve at the back of the eye is slowly destroyed. A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens in the eye, which interferes with vision. Cataracts are common in older people and can be treated with cataract surgery. General practice management of type 2 diabetes Mayo Clinic. Diabetic retinopathy updated 30 May National Eye Institute. Facts about diabetic eye disease updated Sep NHS Choices. Diabetic retinopathy updated 26 Jan The use of fenofibrate in the management of patients with diabetic retinopathy : an evidence-based review.
Australian Family Physician ;44 6 Diabetic nephropathy diabetic kidney disease is kidney damage that results from having diabetes. Show search toolbar. Navigation Home Close Menu. Conditions and treatments Conditions and treatments. Allergies Allergies. Allergic reaction to packaged food.
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